Five takeaways from Olympic and Paralympic law

The draft law on the Olympic and Paralympic Games, presented in the Council of Ministers on December 22, will be debated in the Senate this Tuesday before a vote on January 31. We have selected five topics out of 19 articles, only 8 of which are specific to Games.

Polyclinic in Athletes village

Article 1 provides for the establishment of a health center ” adapted in the Olympic and Paralympic Village of Saint-Denis, managed by Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris. 35 doctors, including 5 emergency doctors, 28 physiotherapists and 14 nurses, AP-HP practitioners, but above all Games volunteers, should work in this polyclinic. Its emergency service will operate 24 hours a day. Article 2 aims to allow foreign doctors and health workers accompanying International Federations and delegations to provide care through exceptions. This care will be free, the text envisages the mobilization of several Ile-de-France hospitals. take it if necessary “. Finally, the text intends to increase the number of players who can ” to teach first aid to as many people as possible “.

Genetic tests against doping

In Article 4, the text opens the door to genetic testing in four specific cases. ” The aim is to bring our French anti-doping mechanisms into line with the World Anti-Doping Code by establishing genetic tests. », explains Agnès Canayer, senator of Seine-Maritime (LR) and rapporteur of the Legal Commission, who « He rewrote the 4th article a lot “. When contacted, the French Anti-Doping Agency (AFLD) emphasized that ” without this legal authorization, the French laboratory will not be able to carry out all the analyzes required by the ITA (international monitoring agency) During the games “.

These tests should then be carried out in external laboratories. ” The text was accompanied by strong assurances. Any documentation or profiling based on genetic data will be expressly prohibited by law. Data will not be stored, unlike samples stored for 10 years for possible re-analysis.” Affirms AFLD. The law commission wants to trial temporary permits for the Games and the 2023 Rugby World Cup. continuity of these tests The number of these genetic tests is currently small, with 25 in Tokyo and 31 in Beijing, while the French laboratory plans 6,000 tests during the Games.

Video surveillance and body scanners

Article 7, one of the pillars of the draft and also the most controversial, allows “ using algorithmic processing on video surveillance devices and drone footage on an experimental basis to detect and signal predefined events that may threaten people’s safety “The Law Commission of the Senate, which is investigating this, writes. The aim is to detect suspicious crowd movements in and around stadiums, as well as on transport and public roads. The Commission has strengthened its framework to provide more safeguards, in particular the assistance of the CNIL (national data processing and liberties commission). ” We made sure he had full and complete control over the entire evaluation period. “, explains Senator Agnès Canayer. In its 11th article, the text envisages the possibility of using body scanners, so far limited to airports, to control access to closed rooms of more than 300 people and with their consent.

Protected sites and anti-intrusion tickets

Article 12 of the draft seeks to make it a criminal offense punishable by, ” entering or attempting to enter a sports arena by force or fraud ” or ” to remain on the playing field of a sports arena without a lawful reason during the course or public broadcast of a sporting event “. To take into account new incidents, such as the intervention of an environmental activist during one of the semi-finals of Roland Garros last year, the Culture Committee of the Senate strengthened the deterrent nature of the sanctions. In the process, the senators also introduced an article to make the use of anti-forgery tickets mandatory on July 1, 2024. We took into account what happened at Stade de France “, explains Claude Kern, senator of Bas-Rhin (Centrist Union) and rapporteur of the Culture Committee, stating that he is working on the file with Paris 2024 and the Ministry of Sports, Olympic and Paralympic Games.

Shops open on site on Sunday

Article 17 provides for the opening of food, clothing, electronics stores, as well as hairdressers in the municipalities where the competitions are located or nearby, excluding Sunday rest. With the permission of the prefecture, this Sunday holiday exemption will apply from June 1 to September 30, 2024 to accommodate tourists arriving before the opening of the Games and those extending their stay after the Paralympic Games. The text mentions that this opening will be carried out on the basis of the employee’s voluntariness and in return for benefits. The Senate Social Affairs Committee considered this compromise” It is justified by the exceptional needs that will arise as a result of holding the Olympic and Paralympic Games “. And simplified the authorization procedure for prefects.

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