A bad student in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, he wants to decarbonize the industrial sector. The state intends to help him in accordance with the priority set for “green industry” in 2023, as recently announced by Bruno Le Maire. During his sixth address to the press and economic players on January 5, the Minister of Economy actually outlined the main challenges that await him for 2023, including the need to accelerate the greening of the industry. “Industrial independence and sovereignty are the new leitmotifs of world politics. […] This move is compounded by the acceleration of the climate crisis, which forces us to decarbonize our industries quickly and build without delay. green industry for the future »he declared.
In this context, the Dunkirk industrial port basin, which accounts for 21% of the country’s industrial CO2 emissions, will become the first “low-carbon industrial zone” (ZIBAC) in France. It will also receive €13.6 million in aid to carry out engineering and feasibility studies for the decarbonisation of the area through collective infrastructures. the site of steelmaker ArcelorMittal. Roland Lescure should thus recall the state’s support for the already announced decarbonisation plan and wait for the green light from Brussels. It should also go to Pas-de-Calais in Rety, on the site of Chaux et Dolomies (Lhoist group), the leader in French lime production, which is engaged in the decarbonization process.
A project called DCarbonation, involving 17,000 people in the Dunkirk Basin, r.egroups is supported by 30 public and private partners, a group called Euranergie. The Fos-sur-mer project near Marseille is called Syrius.
Reduce, Hold, Change
The project is complex. On the one hand, it is a matter of finding different production processes that do not emit CO2. This is for currently high-emitting activities such as the steel industry or cement or lime production. Among the ways already envisioned: replacing fossil fuels with processes that use carbon-free hydrogen.
At the same time, we need to find ways to capture the CO2 released into the atmosphere by industrial activities, sequestering or transforming it underground. Finally, it can also include building reclaimed heat networks around stoves and very energy-intensive activities.
Because the investments to be planned are so heavy, fertilizer, lime, cement or other emission activities will be integrated so that producers can green or decarbonize their processes.
A difficult financial issue
The Dunkirk basin, with around 460 industries managed by the “CO2 Collective”, created four years ago with the aim of creating the first French center dedicated to industry and hydrogen, has already launched several initiatives in terms of decarbonisation. decarbonation. Since then, Dunkirk has gone from a leading polluter to a leading emitter of solutions in France. The Lhoist site, France’s largest lime production plant, for example, will capture CO2 in its chimney exit from 2028. Roquette, a world leader in plant-based ingredients, will equip itself with an alternative biomass boiler-based system for decarbonization and a deep geothermal device.
However, the largest companies have yet to succeed in mobilizing significant resources for decarbonisation. “Cost can be a brake on innovation for decarbonisation. Big groups achieve it with big funds, great projects, but if we want to involve all companies, we need to think about a support system to help all other companies in ambitious models”, Luc Jacquet, representative of SOFIES, a sustainable development consulting firm.