It should be recalled that by Order No. 006/MC/DG/DCI/LCVC dated February 4, 2021, the sale prices of gas in the territory of the Republic of Niger were determined: 12.5 kg bottle: 3750 F CFA; 6 kg bottle: 1800; 3 kg bottle: 900 CFA francs. But in practice, these prices are not followed. A 12.5 kg bottle is sold from one district to another for 4,000, 5,000 to 6,000 FCFA. 6 kg is sold at 2500 FCFA. An embarrassing situation for consumers.
On October 17, 2022, the Energy Sector Regulatory Authority (ARSE) carried out a field mission to check compliance with the prices set by the state at gas filling centers in the capital, as well as to check the volume of gas in cylinders. . After this inspection, 3 filling stations were closed and 4 more were fined for non-compliance with the applicable regulations. Despite the sanctions, gas is still not sold to the public at the price set by the state. To make matters worse, this control was followed by a gas shortage in Niamey following the sanctions. Some dealers have created an artificial shortage by refusing to sell at the statutory prices.
Mr. Mahamadou Tanimoune, a retailer in Château 9 arrondissement, sells gas at statutory prices. But since taking control of ASS in October 2022, he says he has faced a supply problem. “We buy gas in dribs and drabs. I don’t know the reasons. We have run out of stock for days, but tonight, January 4, we bought only 13 6 kg bottles. Unlike Mahamadou, other sellers do not respect the prices set by the rules in force. Far from the point of sale, in the Zabarkan district, a 12.5 kg bottle is sold between 4,000 and 4,500 CFA francs. The manager did not agree to explain to us the reasons for this situation.
Mrs. Minatou from Riyadh district says that she went to various commercial points in the district to look for gas, but she did not find it. After a malfunction a few months ago, he had to exchange his regular bottle for another bottle without reference. The main thing for him is to get this important food for cooking. After it ran out, it was difficult for Ms. Minato to fill it up because her supplier no longer buys gas. Therefore, he was forced to buy new bottles. He notes that he filled the new 12.5 kg bottle with 5,000 CFA francs.
The father of the family, Mr. Ali Maiga, claims to have bought the 12.5kg and 6kg bottle at the Bonkaney market for 5,000 and 2,500 CFA francs respectively during the week.
In 2012, Nigerian authorities launched a massive campaign to promote domestic gas. Thus, since domestic gas marketing began, the government has not levied any tax on the sale of domestic gas to ensure that domestic gas is available to consumers at a good price and to contribute to the fight against desertification. ASS Bulletin No. 7, 2022, SORAZ production of LPG at the Zinder refinery is estimated at 190 tons per day, including 120 tons for truck loading, i.e. 8 tons per day.
However, according to Niger’s first updated biennial report (December 2022), wood remains the main source of domestic energy for Nigerian households with more than 90% using it. Indeed, biomass dominates up to 80% of final energy consumption. The estimated consumption of wood energy per person and day is 0.92 kg in urban areas and 0.67 kg in rural areas. It also appears that wood energy consumption is proportional to population growth, further proving that wood remains the primary fuel even in urban areas where the supply of alternative energy resources is diversified. Therefore, according to the statements of citizens, it is necessary to clean up the gas industry so that this commodity can be obtained at a reasonable price in both urban and rural areas.
by Oumar Issoufou (onep)