Algeria has the longest gas pipeline network in Africa

Algeria has the longest network of gas pipelines in operation on the African continent, according to the Global Energy Monitor (GEM) report published in December 2022 entitled “The Rush for African Gas”.

The document states that about 31,555 km of gas pipelines are in operation in Africa. Algeria has the longest network of gas pipelines on the continent at 13,630 kilometers (km).

The second place is followed by Libya with a network of 6,243 km. Egypt ranks third with a network of 3,545 km of gas pipelines, Nigeria ranks fourth with a network of 3,200 km and Tunisia ranks fifth with 1,105 km. Apart from Nigeria, the other four countries with the longest gas pipeline networks in service are in North Africa.

23,932 km of gas pipelines are under construction

Regarding the construction of regional gas pipelines, the same report indicates that a total of 23,932 km of gas pipelines are under construction in Africa. “However, most of the projects under development remain under construction, most of the projects are under investigation and a total of 1,872 km are currently under construction,” said the document, which noted that Nigeria is the first developer of regional gas pipelines. 1,427 km under construction.

The report highlights that major gas pipeline projects under construction include the Trans-Nigeria Gas Pipeline, which when completed will run from the Qua Iboe Gas Terminal to Nigeria’s Kano Gas Terminal and connect with the existing Trans-Saharan Gas Pipeline. for the export of natural gas to Europe.

The 614 km Ajaokuta-Kaduna-Kano pipeline, the “Phase One” of the project, is being constructed at an expected cost of US$2.9 billion. In 2020, the Nigerian government announced a sovereign debt guarantee of US$2.5 billion for the construction of the gas pipeline. The project is financed by a US$2.6 billion loan from the Bank of China and a US$434 million crowdfunding investment from Compagnie du Gaz Nigérien.

Let’s add: “Algeria, Niger and Nigeria have resumed discussions on the development of the Trans-Saharan gas pipeline. In June 2022, the three countries formed a task force for the project and selected a service provider to study the feasibility of the project. »

Five countries with the most km in projects

The five countries with the most km in the projects are Mozambique, South Africa, Nigeria, Niger and Algeria, the document said, explaining: “About two-thirds of these buildings in the project will be for export to Europe and the rest will meet domestic requirements. to supply the processing and petrochemical industries that can contribute to demand and, in some cases, exports. »

South Africa has the largest number of gas pipeline projects in Africa, with major projects connecting the country to Mozambique and Namibia, most used for domestic purposes, according to the Global Energy Monitor report, which estimates that pipeline projects in Africa will require US$89 billion in investment. .

“Of this total estimated capital requirement, only USD 4 billion is allocated to projects under construction, while USD 85 billion is related to projects in the proposal stage. Mozambique and South Africa have the largest capital demand estimated at US$19 billion and US$17 billion respectively,” the report details.

It is planned to lay 1376 km of gas pipeline in Sonatrach

“The companies that are the main contractors for the construction of gas pipelines in Africa are a mix of public and private companies,” the same source said, noting that “in terms of km of gas pipelines in general, government companies are in the majority” under development. »

So, according to the same source, 6,135 km of gas pipelines are under development in the Nigerian National Oil Corporation, which belongs to the State of Nigeria, of which 1,427 km are already under construction. Transnet has a total of 3,949 km of gas pipelines in South Africa. In Algeria, the national hydrocarbon company Sonatrach plans to build a 1376 km gas pipeline.

The report refers to the 2022 edition of BP’s Statistical Review of Modern Energy. Its data shows that 61% of total gas exports from Africa in 2021 were in the form of LNG (liquefied natural gas). Algeria and Nigeria lead Africa’s LNG exports, the former mainly to France and Turkey, and the latter to Spain, Portugal and France.

The 5 largest gas-to-electricity producing countries in Africa

The five largest gas-to-electricity producing countries in Africa are Egypt (51,608 MW), Algeria (22,247 MW), Nigeria (10,968 MW), Libya (10,163 MW), Tunisia (5,633 MW) and the rest of Africa (8 623 MW). The total electricity generated from gas in Africa is 109,242 MW.

According to the Global Energy Monitor report: “Electricity generation in Africa is driven by natural gas, accounting for 40% of total generation in 2020. GEM data shows a total of 109,242 MW for power generation plants. Gas-fired electricity available in Africa. Most of these plants are in North It is in Africa. In 2021, the African Energy Commission reported that all African countries that produce gas, with the exception of Angola, use it to generate electricity.”

600 million Africans do not have access to electricity

The report states that 600 million Africans, or 43% of the world’s population, do not have access to electricity. According to the same source, “providing universal access to clean, affordable and reliable electricity is a top priority in Africa. »

The paper notes that “despite the rich potential for renewable energy, only 2% of renewable energy investment has gone to Africa over the past two decades.”

And he added: “Excluding South Africa, average per capita electricity consumption in sub-Saharan Africa is only 185 kilowatt-hours (kWh) per year. The striking contrast between 6,500 kWh in Europe and 12,700 kWh in the US illustrates the link between access to electricity and economic development. »

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